December 25, 2007

Why the Rich Get Richer

Future Tense by Robert Kiyosaki

Most financial advisors say you can't predict the future. These experts claim you can't pick a market's top or bottom. And since you (or they) can't predict the future, they advise that you just leave your money with them for the long term.

For most people, this is good advice. But for those who want to get rich, being ahead of the future is one of the best ways to amass wealth.

The best way to predict the future is to study the past, or prognosticate. My rich dad often said, "There's a difference between a fortune-teller and a prognosticator." That's why he encouraged me to take the study of history seriously.

Read the Future

Starting in the fifth grade, my development as a prognosticator began with the study of the great explorers such as Columbus, Cortez, Pizarro, Marco Polo, Magellan, and others. They traveled the world in search of gold and international trade, and I try to follow in their footsteps.

Over the years, I've read some great books on economic history that have opened my mind to the world we face today. Some of the books that have altered my vision of the future are:

• "Critical Path" by R. Buckminster Fuller: Not an easy book, but one of the best I've ever read; it changed the direction of my life. Even though Fuller died in 1983, his predictions are coming true today.

• "The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers" by Robert Heilbroner: This book is essential for anyone who wants to see history through the eyes of economists. A very interesting read, even though it's somewhat dated.

• "The Dollar Crisis: Causes, Consequences, Cures" by Richard Duncan: This book is essential reading for anyone who wants to survive the next 20 years. It explains why the world is entering a global financial crisis, and explains why savers are losers.

World-Class Prognostication

I also follow the prognostications of James Dale Davidson and Lord William Rees-Mogg. Their 1987 book, "Blood in the Streets," predicted that year's stock market crash and the bankruptcy of the savings and loan industry. When their forecast came true, millions of average investors who had followed the standard advice to "invest for the long term" lost billions of dollars. But the 1987 crash made me millions, because I followed the advice of these two prognosticators.

Their next book, "The Great Reckoning: Protecting Yourself in the Coming Depression," predicted the break up of the Soviet Union, as well as the secession and break up of Yugoslavia and the ensuing tragedy of ethnic cleansing.

In 1997, my wife Kim and I were invited to Washington, D.C., for the launch of Davidson and Lord Rees-Mogg's latest book, "The Sovereign Individual." Many dignitaries, business leaders, and investors were there. Obviously, we had all gathered to listen to the authors' predictions for the year 2000 and beyond. Until then, I thought I had a pretty open mind. But as we listened to their predictions, Kim and I had a tough time grasping the magnitude of what they had to say about the near future.

Predictions Come True

As the saying goes, "Your mind is like a parachute -- it only works when it's open." Rather than object, question, and criticize -- as many in the audience at that reception were doing -- I simply took the book home and studied it. And the closer I studied it, the more I realized it was similar to past prognostications. As a result, between 1997 and 2000, I radically altered my thinking, my businesses, and my investment strategies.

In previous articles for Yahoo! Finance, I predicted the real estate crash, the fall of the dollar, and the rise in commodity prices. In future pieces, I'll continue to keep my mind open and peer into the future. In the meantime, if you're anxious to see what's coming up in finance, I recommend reading "The Sovereign Individual" and "The Dollar Crisis." Yesterday, these books were about the future. Today, they're about today.

In closing, remember that there is a difference between a fortune-teller and a prognosticator. I'll see you in the future.

Column: Credit Crunch Dims '2008 Outlook / ALL BUSINESS: Credit Crunch Headlines in 2007; Newsmakers' Views in Their Own Words

NEW YORK (AP) -- Just last summer, analysts were predicting the subprime mortgage mess had been "contained," big bank CEOs were "dancing" over the liquidity flowing in credit markets and private-equity titans yearned in Soprano-like fashion to "kill off" the competition.
Times have changed. The housing and mortgage crisis has escalated into a full-fledged credit crunch, which now threatens to throw the economy into a recession. People and places far removed from this mess are finding themselves caught in the fallout.

That's why 2007 is ending on a sour note, making it hard to focus on much else that happened in the business world this year.

D.R. Horton Inc.'s CEO Donald J. Tomnitz was well ahead of the curve in March when he said what most others in the housing business wouldn't: 2007 "is going to suck, all 12 months of the calendar year."

It was a blunt assessment that contrasted with much of the spin that had been coming then from lenders, real estate agents and home builders. The consensus seemed to think that the worst would soon be over.

Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke helped to stoke those views when he told Congress, also in March, that the increasing default rates among subprime borrowers with shaky credit were "likely to be contained."

That boosted Wall Street's confidence, and sent the major stock indexes soaring to new highs. Such gains were also fueled by the record-setting pace of debt-laden buyouts, which drove investors to scoop up shares of companies they wagered would be the next to be taken over.

Every now and then, naysayers would try to spoil the fun, but most didn't heed their warnings. Bank of America CEO Ken Lewis said in May that the only way to wake up investors to the risks of highly leveraged buyouts would be by a deal going bad. "We are close to a time when we will look back and say we did some stupid things," he said.

But cheap debt made dealmaking too attractive to let the party stop, and everyone seemed anxious to take part, as exemplified by the attention given to Blackstone Group's initial public offering in June.

Right before its IPO, Blackstone founder Stephen Schwarzman told The Wall Street Journal about how he operates his buyout firm. "I want war -- not a series of skirmishes," Schwarzman said. "I always think about what will kill off the other bidder."

It's a philosophy he will have to remember during the next dealmaking boom. Weeks after the much-hyped Blackstone IPO, credit conditions began to deteriorate quickly, causing a sudden halt in takeovers. Blackstone's shares have largely plunged since, losing a third of their value since the $31-a-share IPO.

The implosion in subprime mortgages forced a market-wide reassessment of risky debt. Once free-flowing liquidity dried up as lenders everywhere raised interest rates and investors demanded better protection against risk.

That put banks and other financial institutions on the spot. Not only were they unable to unload the debt to finance most buyouts, but their complex debt securities tied to subprime mortgage assets also plunged in value. Around $100 billion in subprime exposure has been written off at banks and brokers worldwide this year.

Such losses cost two big-name CEOs their jobs. Citigroup's Chunk Prince and Merrill Lynch's Stan O'Neal were blamed for letting their firms take on risk that clearly outweighed the reward.

Prince knew that trouble could come -- but was slow to see it happen. "When the music stops, in terms of liquidity, things will be complicated. But as long as the music is playing, you've got to get up and dance. We're still dancing," he told the Financial Times on July 10. Days later, broad credit woes would begin. By early November, he lost his job.

Those CEOs are now gone, but others have managed to stay -- to the wonderment of many analysts and investors. Topping that list is Countrywide Financial Corp.'s Angelo Mozilo, who has become the poster-child for the housing bust.

The CEO of the nation's biggest mortgage lender spent the first part of the year downplaying the subprime crisis and saying the company's financial condition "remains strong." Then he tried to use the spin that "nobody saw this coming" as the industry and his company melted down. Countrywide lost $1.2 billion in the third quarter, its first quarterly loss in its 25-year history.

Mozilo can salve his wounds with the $167 million, by Thomson Financial's count, that he got from the sale of Countrywide shares this year. The lender's investors aren't so lucky: Their shares are trading around $10 each, a quarter of what they were at the start of the year.

At other battered companies, too, including Morgan Stanley, Bear Stearns and Washington Mutual, executives' jobs are hanging by a thread.

The coming months will tell if they should go. The outlook for the economy isn't in their favor. An already terrible situation looks to be getting worse, with many economists -- including former Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan -- raising the likelihood of an upcoming recession.

Should that happen, it would hit as local governments and school districts in places like Florida and Montana already are feeling the pinch from debt investments gone bad. Other cities, universities and more are facing possible tax increases because future municipal bond offerings are likely to carry higher interest rates as a result of major bond insurers getting downgraded.

That shows just how contagious the housing and mortgage mess turned out to be. Bigger by far than almost everyone thought.

Rachel Beck is the national business columnist for The Associated Press.